Wisdom teeth are the third and final set of molars that most people get in their late teens or early twenties. Sometimes these teeth can be a valuable asset to the mouth when healthy and properly aligned, but more often, they are misaligned and require removal. Sometimes this is due to gum disease, but more often it is due to tooth decay.
The removal of the molars can be either simple or complex depending on the severity of the pathology. Simple removal means that the tooth is simply removed by the dentist. Complex removal means that there are no tears or cavities in the tooth and the root is still attached to the jaw. This allows for easy access to the pulp for a filling. When this is not possible a root canal therapy may be necessary.
What Are Root Canals?
Root canals are a process whereby a plastic material made of collagen and water is injected into the canal where the root of the tooth is located and moves down into the pulp chamber. Inside the pulp chamber a substance called hyaluronan is then used to restore the bone that once existed in the canal and once done, the tooth is pain free.
What Are Tooth Extractions?
If the root is not removed the pulp cannot be exposed to the bone to heal, and a tooth extraction is performed. Usually, as pulp is exposed to the bone the loss of pulp is noted, and eventually a tooth infection occurs which is an infection of the pulp or surrounding bones. This leads to an inability to perform a root canal therapy, causing pain and swelling around the tooth. Once an infection occurs a root canal is done to remove the pulp.
What Is Dental Root Therapy?
Dental root therapy is a process whereby a substance called dental rotashka is used to seal up the cracks in the tooth. It is a very complex procedure and is performed by dentists using a medical grade adhesive that is safe and pain free. Dentists use dental rotashka to repair and seal the cracks in the tooth, but mainly to repair those cracks which result from tooth decay, root canal therapy, decay from trauma or a blow to the mouth which has damaged the tooth.
What Are Porcelain Crowns?
Porcelain crowns are custom made ceramic caps which are used to cover a tooth during its restoration. Crowns do not restore teeth but rather protect them, and thus are custom made for each patient. They are usually made by a dental lab which has detailed measurements of the patient’s teeth and jaw. Once the crowns are made they are then bonded to the teeth using a resin adhesive. Once this is done the patient does not have to go through the procedure of removing the crowns and putting on a new set of teeth. They can instead allow the dental staff to protect and guide the teeth through the rest of the procedure.